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CROCODILE ZOO > Succsess in Crocodile ZOO Protivín - breeding of Indian gharial

Succsess in Crocodile ZOO Protivín - breeding of Indian gharial



On 4th – 6th of May we were breeding sixteen crocodile´s babies of gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). It is first rearing in Europe and at the same time is first rearing outside the tropics.

The gharial is big species of the crocodiles (lenth - up to six meters). They are focused on catching fish (gharials are a food specialists) because of they are having long and thin jawbone with 116 teeth (other crocodiles are having about 64 – 86 teeth). Due to human activity the gharial is critically endangered. On most of their natural locations the gharial was exterminated (rivers in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Barma etc.). In wildlife are living about several hundred of individuals. These populations are living in small area (for example in Chambal River Sanctuary in India and in National Park Chitwan in Nepal).

In ZOO outside the India and Nepal, gharials are rare. In European ZOOs and farms they are breeding at: Crocodile farm in Pierrelatte in France (6 individuals), Crocodile ZOO in Eskilstrup in Denmark (2 female), ZOO Berlin in Deutchland (3 female), ZOO Prague in the Czech republic (7 individuals) and Crocodile ZOO Protivin in the Czech Republic. They are (Crocodile ZOO Protivin) actually having 24 individuals (16 small crocodile´s babies – was bred in Protivin, 4 adults – 1 male and three females and 4 subadults – was bred in India).

Gharials are breeding in 10 ZOOs in the USA, in 42 ZOOs in India, in 1 ZOO in Bangladesh and in 1 ZOO in Nepal.

Only one gharial´s baby has been bred outside India. In 2016 has been bred in St. Augustine Farm, but in Florida is tropical climate. ZOO Protivin is the first ZOO in Europe and at the same time first ZOO outside the tropics where  rearing  gharials.

ZOO Protivin have gharials since 2011 and they changed Cuban crocodiles for gharial (2 adults – male Čambal and female Ganga and 5 juveniles). This animals are from Mádras Crocodile Bank Trust in India.  Later, in 2013 they gained other 2 female – Indira and Brahmaputra from Néhrú ZOO Hydebarát in India.

Shortly after the first import to the ZOO Protivin (in 2012), female Ganga laid eggs but the embryos died. Success came after 6 years. In March 2017  female Ganga laid 20 eggs. The babies hatched after 59 days of incubation. And the zookeepers were very suprised because from 20 eggs they are having 16 healthy babies. Because of higher embryonic mortality, they assumed maximally 3 individuals.

Small gharials are very viable. They are hunting small fish and in three weeks they grew 10 centimeters. Nowaday (July 2017) gharials babies are having about 50 centimeters.

Fourteen days after hatching gharials the director of Crocodile ZOO Protivin was in India and documented about 80 small gharial´s baby. It is a proof of simultaneous rearing in Crocodile ZOO and in wildlife.


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https://www.facebook.com/pages/Krokod%C3%BDl%C3%AD-ZOO-Protiv%C3%ADn/1434526210153846?sk=timeline

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CROCODILE ZOO

  • 08/10 Succsess in Crocodile ZOO Protivín - breeding of Indian gharial

    On 4th – 6th of May we were breeding sixteen crocodile´s babies of gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). It is first rearing in Europe and at the same time is first rearing outside the tropics.


  • 07/19 Endangered Crocodiles Conservation fund

    Crocodile Zoo Protivín has great success with breeding endangered and critically endangered crocodile species. The first in Europe Zoo has bred a Cuban crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) in homozygous form a Mugger crocodile (Crocodilus palustris).


  • 07/19 V Congreso Internacional Tropical Animal Production

    In the days from 16. 11 to 20. 11. 2015 We attended the fifth Congreso Internacional Tropical Animal Production at the Palacio de Convenciones de la Habana, where we presented our successful breeding of the critically endangered crocodile species.


Natural breeding Siamese Crocodiles - video

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJflmrD8odI&feature=youtu.be

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